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Part views from the south-west of the church and its gavit



The historian Agat'angeghos tells how the lord of Caucasian Albania (from the T'orgomian family) was one of the 15 prefects who went to Caesaraea with St. Grigor the Illuminator, the evangelizer of the Armenian and Transcaucasian peoples. St. consecrated many religious buildings in the area, including the famous monastery of Amaras in the province of Haband, and appointed his nephew Grigoris abbot of the monastery and bishop of Artsakh. When Mesrop Mashtots - creator of the Armenian and Caucasian Albanian alphabets - began his cultural work in Artsakh, Christianity was already well consolidated.
One of the outstanding historical figures of the region, Bishop Eremia, was active at the seat of the catholicos in Edchmiatzin. At the end of the 5th and beginning of the 6th centuries, the first centrifugal religious unrest was felt. It later became so widespread and menacing that the central spiritual power of Armenia was obliged to grant the title of catholicos of the Caucasian Albanians to a local bishop and to establish the seat of the new catholicos in the town of Partav.

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The monastery of Gandzasar