A view from nothern walls
Вид с севера на стены города
Then there are eigh groups of tombs and sepulchres and 16 dovecotes. There are also variouse areas used and food stores, water tanks, wine and oil cellars, stables and caravanserai. Ani itself is built on two levels and the underground complex, so vast and complicated, was built to serve the city above the ground. Underground Ani extends towards the valley and follows the regular slope of the ground. The cavity system follows the natural development of the river terracing, broken off by steep slopes that divide the establishments into compartments that take their names from the valleys: Anidzor, Tzaghkotsadzor Right, Tzaghkotsadzor Left, Igadzor, Bagnayridzor and Gayledzor.The rock environments are terraced and connected by inside and outside steps. Thise structure, typical of mountain regions , is fairly common in Armenia, in Transcaucasia and in Alpine lands, and their urban layot becomes an important and ever topical category.
The limit of excavation into the rock downwards is the level at which natural light and air penetrate. However, to reach spaces that went deeper and to connect them with others above the ground and to ensure meanwhile that the internal road system had sufficient lighting, the limit of natural illumination was forced by means of lamps in small niches cut into the road walls.