929-951: King Abas sits on the throne of the Bagratids. This period is characterized by a lasting peace, a consequence of the Byzantines having conquered vast territories in Asia Minor and the stipulation of various non-aggression pacts with the Arab emirates. The town of Vanand (Kars) becomes capital of the Bagratid dynasty and King Abas builds the church of St. Arak’elots (the Holy Apostles) there.
952-953: Ashot Oghormatz (the Merciful), eldest son of Abas, inherits the throne. He endeavours to move his capital from Vanand to Dvin, an important commercial centre held by the Arabs. He is defeated by the emir, however, and the town of Dvin remains in the hands of the Arabs. In the same year, construction work begins on the walls, various churches and the residential palace in Ani.
964: Ashot Oghormatz builds the first line of fortified walls which limit access to the citadel of the royal palace. 977: Smbat Bagratuni founds the kingdom of Tashir in the province of Gugark’; its centre is the town of Lori. King Ashot Oghormatz dies and is buried in the valley of the Monastery of Horomos. There are some chapels on the right bank of the River Akhurian: one of them is dedicatet to St. Grigor and bears an inscription indicating it as the burial place of the Bagratids. On one tomb, covered with large slabs of stone, is the name of King Ashot. He leaves three sons and his successor will be Smbat. Smbat Tiezerakal (the Conqueror) comes to the throne and resumes the work of his predecessor.